Anthropology: A New Scope
The Qualities of Existence Dependent upon the Self
If man's existence becomes dependent upon his self, he can save himself from negative self-alienation. In other words, the human self must be independent in selecting goals and means and what is proper for man's life. There are three points that should be kept in mind about existence dependent upon the self:
1-When man's existence is dependent upon the human self, it does not mean that it is abstractly isolated from natural and human factors; it should not be dependent upon what others do, like a musical instrument that needs to be played by others.
2-Dependency upon the self implies obeying the logical principles of life.
3-Self-dependent existence does not mean exploiting other human beings as one's tools. If man is free of negative self-alienation, he will never claim "I am the end, and the others are the means," for that would take him to the inflation of his natural self, not the independence of his human self.
The steps needed to be taken in order to return to the self are:
a)First, man must become aware of the issue of life and its value and significance. Humans cannot regain their lost existence without proving the independence value of life.
b)Human laws must have origins far superior to the desires of natural life; likewise, the executors of the law must also have supernatural tendencies so that they can guide people toward an existence dependent on the self.
c)Education is quite significant in making the existence dependent upon the self embrace reality. Education must devote all of its efforts and use all of its skills and appropriate expertise ever since man is born into trying to make him understand that he is for now merely a meager stream of existence originating from the foothills of history, genetics and the environment; quite soon, however, the immense power hidden in him will change him into an ocean so great that all the other streams, rivers and lakes will turn to him for help. In order to demonstrate to man this amazing development, it is necessary to introduce him to thousands of outstanding figures in history who have taken great steps toward changing man's goals and way of life.
d)Man must gain a clear understanding of independence and dependence; he should realize that total independence is impossible, and total dependence also leads to man's alienation.