Anthropology: A New Scope
The Importance of Conscience
As Bertrand Russell says, "Man has never needed his conscience as crucially as he does today." That is how necessary conscience is. Let us also quote from Tolstoy: "Whoever claims that human life can be managed merely by means of intelligence and reason has in fact defied the very possibility of life."
Using the conscience can remove the diversities and differences between humans. The most important factor in harmonizing and uniting the people and classes of a society is the conscience. It is the strongest builder of justice. Conscience can prevent atrocities, oppression, and harness man's desire for fame. It can present man with ideals, which are vital if man is to bring his desires and wishes under control.
The Characteristics and Consequences of Conscience
The most important characteristics and consequences of conscience are:
1-Conscience is where memories are kept. If so memories about pleasant, shameful, embarrassing, good and bad events cannot be insignificant to man's character.
2-There are various levels for conscience.
3-Conscience and reason can be harmonious.
4-Conscience understands the basic principles that reason follows, such as: The whole is larger than its parts, reality exists, and man should act reasonably.
5-The functions of the conscience are also reflected on other human beings.
6-Man's character develops along with the development of his conscience.
7-Conscience is man's safest guide.
8-The conscience can become ugly and vulgar, a burden on man's existence.
9-The conscience can be tortured.
10-The conscience can suffer from great anxiety and worry.
11-The conscience can be held responsible.
12-The conscience can differentiate good from evil.
13-The conscience can supervise.
14-The conscience can suffer from upsets and fits.
15-The conscience can decree.
16-The conscience can find serenity.
17-The certainty of the conscience is much greater than that of reason and intelligence.
18-The conscience can set up trials.
19-The conscience can scold and reprimand.
20-The conscience is capable of judgment.
21-The conscience can be entrapped or freed.
22-The conscience executes the law.
23-The moderate conscience shows facts without manipulation.
24-The conscience reminds human beings about the necessity of sympathy.
25-The conscience is where man can privately confer with himself.
26-The conscience can speak with man's reason and intelligence.
27-The conscience can be deceived.
28-The conscience can be disabled.
29-The conscience can be put to the test.
30-The conscience can weaken and strengthen.
31-Man's internal freedom arises from his conscience.
32-The conscience reflects God's words.
33-The conscience feels that man's "self" is immortal.
34-The conscience has conflicting waves.
35-The conscience reminds man about the objectiveness of creation.